By: Mufti Faraz Adam
Leicester, United Kingdom
Faculty of Jurisprudence & Islamic Verdicts
13 July 2013
Kindly let me know if taking Rotahaler breaks the fast? I'm a wheezing patient and its very difficult during fast.It’s a kind of powder which goes inside the throat AND I don’t swallow anything .It’s called as ROTOCAPS .
And, if it invalidates the fast then how about the dust which goes inside our throat during travelling.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
In principle, a fast is broken if any discernible substance goes into the throat independently, without any valid Shar’ī excuse.
When using the rota haler, if visible particles reach the throat, the fast will be broken.
If it becomes difficult to breath and there is no other option but to use an inhaler, it will be permissible to use the inhaler and break the fast. One must do Qadhā’ of the fast later on.
And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best
Checked and approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
 "أو دخل حلقه دخان بلا صنعه" لعدم قدرته على الامتناع عنه فصار كبلل بقي في فمه بعد المضمضة لدخوله من الأنف إذا أطبق الفم وفيما ذكرنا إشارة إلى أنه من أدخل بصنعه دخانا حلقه بأي صورة كان الإدخال فسد صومه سواء كان دخان عنبرا أو عودا أو غيرهما حتى من تبخر ببخور فآواه إلى نفسه واشتم دخانه ذاكرا لصومه أفطر لإمكان التحرز عن إدخال المفطر جوفه ودماغه وهذا مما يغفل عنه كثير من الناس فلينبه له ولا يتوهم أنه كشم الورود ومائه والمسك لوضوح الفرق بين هواء تطيب بريح المسك وشبهه وبين جوهر دخان وصل إلى جوفه بفعله (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 660)
The Time Has Come!
A tsunami of mercy is about to hit us. An eruption of mercy is on the verge of exploding. A downpour of blessings is on the brink of descending. A gale of light is within sight. A month is dawning upon us wherein the clouds shower mercy, the rivers overflow with mercy, the gardens blossom with mercy, the winds whistle with mercy and the waterfalls trickle with mercy. Our horizons are illuminated. The skies are radiant. The trees seem to be in high spirits. Animals seem to be ecstatic. Ramadhan is approaching.
The month of Ramadhan is the month of the Qur’an. It is the season of devotions and worship wherein spirituality reaches the highest peaks. The root letters of Ramadhan denote incineration. Ramadhan incinerates all our sins. It removes the rust from our lives. It makes us shine. It is a time to become pure from the filth contaminating our souls.
Ramadhan is a provision for the whole year. It helps one through the remainder of the year until the next Ramadhan. It is like a person crossing the desert. The more water, food and other such provisions a person has, the easier the journey and the safer he will reach his destination. Likewise, the more the Qur’an Tilawah, Salah and other devotions a person has in stock, the easier the battle will be with the nafs and Shaytan throughout the year and the safer he will reach the next Ramadhan.
The month of Ramadhan is a time to heal the soul from the effects of sin. It is like a sick person who has been deprived of medicine for 11 months and then is taken into hospital. He is given all the care and medication required. It replenishes his soul, strengthens his body and revitalises his spirit. Likewise, Ramadhan is our spiritual hospital. All the spiritual care and medication is available. Ramadhan infuses within us the vigour, courage, energy and drive to become Allah conscious.
The month of Ramadhan is a time to nourish our souls. It is like a person who has been surviving on water and bread for 11 months and then for one month is given all the exquisite dishes of the world. He will eat as much as he can. He will put his mouth on everything presented in front of him. Likewise, the month of Ramadhan is where the cuisine of Allah is presented. Every deed is multiplied in reward. Every action emanates a different fragrance and blessing. Every act gives off a distinct taste.
Ramadhan is synonymous to the Qur’an. Ramadhan is the month of the Qur’an. Our pious predecessors truly appreciated this. Their every second was tilawah of the Qur’an in this month. The authors stopped writing. Researchers abandoned researching. Scholars stopped working. They dedicated the month of Ramadhan to the Qur’an. Imam Shaf’i rahimahullah would complete 60 recitations of the Holy Qur’an. Aswad ibn Yazeed rahimahullah would complete the recitation of the Qur’an every two nights in the tahajjud prayer. Let alone the scholars of the past, more recently, Hadhrat Shaykh Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Rahimahullah would recite approximately 35 chapters of the Qur’an daily. If they can do it, why can’t we?
Have a competition within your families. Create an environment of Qur’an tilawah in your homes. The men should spend as much as time as they can in the masājid. Women should spend less time in the kitchens and more time on the musalla.
We are entering a gold mine. Time is limited. The clock is ticking. Days are passing. How much gold do you want? The time has come to return to Allah. His doors are open. Will you enter?
Q: To whom does the Ayat of fasting apply?
A: Fasting is an act of worship (ibadat). It is one of the Fundamental Principles (Pillars) of Islam. Allah says:”Oh you who believe fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may attain Taqwa (God-Fearing).”Allah says Oh you who believe. This is a general command for everyone who is Believers in Islam.
Q: Does a minor child have to fast?
A: Fasting is not obligatory on a minor. A minor is he who is not physically matured (Baaligh) in the case of a male and in the case of a female, she has not attained puberty. However, if by the age of 15 lunar years, the male or female did not become baaligh, they will be regarded as adults and have to fast and fulfil all obligations of Shariah.
Q: Does a sick person have to fast?
A: A sick person is exempted from fasting altogether if there is genuine reason to believe that the current illness will intensify by fasting or that he will suffer another illness on result of fasting or that his recovery will be prolonged due to fasting.
Q: Can a traveller omit fasting?
A: A Shar’ī musāfir (traveller) who embarked on his journey prior to dawn is permitted to omit the fast of that day. As long as he is a Shar’ī musāfir, he may omit fasting.
Q: What about travelling during the day?
A: If a person embarked on a journey during the day after Subh Sadiq, he/she will have to fast that day.
Q: Will the application of eye drops break the fast?
A: Using eyedrops will not break the fast.
Q: Can ear drops be used?
A: If a person’s eardrum is imperforated, he may use ear drops. If someone has perforated ear drums, it will not be permissible to use ear drops.
Q: Can we use insulin injections whilst fasting?
A: It is permissible to use insulin injections. Injections do not break a fast.
Q: Will a nasal spray break the fast?
A: Yes, a nasal spray will break the fast.
A: Can mouthwash be used whilst fasting?
Q: It is not permissible to use mouthwash whilst fasting.
Q: Is it permissible to brush teeth and use toothpaste?
A: It is not permissible to use toothpaste whilst fasting. One may brush teeth, use a miswak and a tongue scraper.
Q: Can an addicted smoker smoke whilst fasting?
A: It is not permissible to smoke whilst fasting. Smoking will result in Qadhā and Kaffārah. A smoker may use a transdermal nicotine patch.
Q: What is the ruling for using suppositories?
A: Insertion of suppositories up the rear passage will invalidate the fast.
Q: I forgetfully ate whilst fasting?
A: If one was totally unaware that he was fasting, the fast will not be broken regardless of what was consumed.
Q: By mistake I swallowed water whilst doing wudhu?
A: By doing an act mistakenly will break one’s fast. However, only Qadhā will be necessary.
Q: What if a person must break the fast due to an asthma attack?
A: If a person suffers from an illness or has an asthma attack and there is no option but to have medicine or an inhaler, it will be permissible to break the fast. However, he will have to do Qadhā.
Q: I engaged in intercourse with my spouse?
A: Intercourse will invalidate the fast and will make Qadhā and Kaffārah compulsory.
Q: I had a wet dream whilst fasting. Is my fast broken?
A: A wet dream will not invalidate the fast.
Q: What is the Kaffārah?
A: A Kaffārah is expiation for a violation. It is fasting for 60 days consecutively without any interruption for those capable of fasting. If one cannot fast, he will have to give monetary Kaffarah.
Q: When will Kaffārah be binding?
A: Kaffarah becomes binding if one deliberately breaks his fast by eating or drinking or having intercourse.
Q: Can a sick person pay fidyah instead of fasting?
A: A person who cannot fast due a chronic or terminal illness may give fidyah. As long as a person’s condition remains such that they cannot fast, they will keep giving fidyah for each fast.
If there is improvement to such a degree that they can fast, they will have to do Qadhā of all the previous fasts. The value of fidya is the same as that of sadaqah al-fitr which is presently R18 for the people in South Africa.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
By Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Head, Darul Iftaa
Faculty of Jurisprudence & Islamic Verdicts
13 January 2013
If we are still fasting, then how will the fast work.. Do we begin when it is the earliest Sehre that we pass through on the flight?
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuhu
In principle, it is not compulsory for a person to fast in Ramadan while traveling a distance of 78 Kms or more. If a traveler did not fast in Ramadan, he will have to make up for the missed fast later.
If one is traveling by air, and wishes to fast, he may rely on the time zone of the area he is flying on. The subah Sadiq (break of dawn) which is the commencing time for fasting and the sunset can be determined from the windows of the aircraft.
One may also make use of the flight magazine which has time zones of different countries at the back of the magazine.
One may also download the Subah Sadiq and sunset times from the internet.