Men

 

Question:

What answer can be given to those who say: how keeping the beard to a fist length can be classified as the Sunnat while even the jews, hindus etc wear long beard? Please give a jami' answer.

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The objection above stems from misunderstanding the dynamics of what can be considered a sunnah. As requested, we shall provide a short and concise answer with the following points:

1) The existence of an act in another religion does not mean that such acts are forbidden in Islām. The reason for this is very simple; Jews and Christians are ultimately the followers of Prophet Mūsā (`alayhis salām) and Prophet Īsā (`alayhis salām). Some even say that the Hindus also learnt their religion from a prophet sent by Allāh Ta`ālā[1] as is apparent from the following verse of the Qur'ān:

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلَالَةُ

And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid Taghūt. (idol worship)" And among them were those whom Allah guided, and among them were those upon whom error was [deservedly] decreed. [Al-Nahl (16): 36]

This is to the extent that some have even found prophecies regarding the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) in divine Hindu books such as the Vedas and Puranas.[2] Nevertheless, each religion may still retain certain divine teachings that were originally the teachings of their respective prophet. This is also why the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) would at times imitate the Jews and Christians in those actions that were not yet revealed to him by Allāh Ta`ālā.[3]

Of course, it is apparent that many of these teachings were later distorted through interpolation of their texts and various political splits that occurred within such religions. Hāfiz ibn Kathīr provides a basic principle regarding teachings obtained from non-Islamic texts in the following words:

فَأَمَّا مَا شَهِدَ لَهُ شَرْعُنَا بِالصِّدْقِ فَلَا حَاجَةَ بِنَا إِلَيْهِ اسْتِغْنَاءً بِمَا عِنْدَنَا، وَمَا شَهِدَ لَهُ شَرْعُنَا مِنْهَا بِالْبُطْلَانِ فَذَاكَ مَرْدُودٌ لَا يَجُوزُ حِكَايَتُهُ إِلَّا عَلَى سَبِيلِ الْإِنْكَارِ وَالْإِبْطَالِ

In regards to those things that are consolidated by our Shari'ah as being the truth, we have no need for such things because what we have (i.e. Islamic teachings) is sufficient for us. And in regards to those things that are rejected by our Shari'ah as being false, such narrations will be disregarded and it is not permissible for one to narrate such things except for the purpose of disapproving or denouncing it.[4]

As such, those acts that were concurred by our Sharī`ah and further encouraged by the Messenger of Allāh (sallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) remain a part of the universal Dīn Allāh Ta`ālā sent down to us through His beloved messengers.

2) Keeping a beard has been mentioned as an act related to fitrah or the natural quality of a human being. Simply put, a beard is a natural feature bestowed to man by Allāh Ta`ālā; therefore, keeping a beard is 'natural' and an inherent feature built into us. Those who adopt it are simply adhering to something 'natural' that they were created with, even if they attribute such a thing to their religious sources. The Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

عَشْرٌ مِنَ الْفِطْرَةِ: قَصُّ الشَّارِبِ، وَإِعْفَاءُ اللِّحْيَةِ، وَالسِّوَاكُ، وَاسْتِنْشَاقُ الْمَاءِ، وَقَصُّ الْأَظْفَارِ، وَغَسْلُ الْبَرَاجِمِ، وَنَتْفُ الْإِبِطِ، وَحَلْقُ الْعَانَةِ، وَانْتِقَاصُ الْمَاءِ

Ten acts are according to fitrah (natural disposition): clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, snuffing water in the nose, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the armpits, shaving the pubes and cleaning one's private parts with water.[5]

If we state wearing a beard is imitating Jews, then having teeth is also common with all human beings; Jews, Christians, Hindus, etc. Is it expected of us to remove our teeth to avoid imitating them?

3) During the time of our beloved prophet (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam), it was prevalent among polytheists and those who did not follow a divine religion (i.e. a religion other than Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) to refrain from growing a beard. This is apparent from the following two ahādith:

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «جُزُّوا الشَّوَارِبَ، وَأَرْخُوا اللِّحَى خَالِفُوا الْمَجُوسَ»

The Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) said: Trim closely the moustache, and grow the beard, and thus act against the fire-worshippers.[6]

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: " خَالِفُوا المُشْرِكِينَ: وَفِّرُوا اللِّحَى، وَأَحْفُوا الشَّوَارِبَ " وَكَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ: «إِذَا حَجَّ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ قَبَضَ عَلَى لِحْيَتِهِ، فَمَا فَضَلَ أَخَذَهُ»

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn `Umar (radiyallāhu `anh) that the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) said: 'Do the opposite of what the pagans do. Keep the beards and cut the moustaches short.' (The narrator from Ibn `Umar radiyallāhu `anh says:) Whenever Ibn `Umar performed the Hajj or `Umra, he used to hold his beard with his hand and cut whatever remained.[7]

To conclude, the keeping of the beard is something that the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu `alayhi wa sallam) commanded us to do directly; thus, it inherently becomes a part of our religion regardless of who imitates it in the future.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Bilal Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa
New Jersey, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 



[1] Dr. Z. Haq, "PROPHET MUHAMMAD IN HINDU SCRIPTURES", Cyberistan, accessed on September 15, 2014, http://www.cyberistan.org/islamic/prophhs.html

[2] Ibid.

[3] قال البخاري في صحيحه:

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، «أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، كَانَ يَسْدِلُ شَعَرَهُ، وَكَانَ المُشْرِكُونَ يَفْرُقُونَ رُءُوسَهُمْ، فَكَانَ أَهْلُ الكِتَابِ يَسْدِلُونَ رُءُوسَهُمْ، وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُحِبُّ مُوَافَقَةَ أَهْلِ الكِتَابِ فِيمَا لَمْ يُؤْمَرْ فِيهِ بِشَيْءٍ، ثُمَّ فَرَقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَأْسَهُ» (البخاري، ٣٥٥٨، كتاب المناقب)

 

قال الحافِظ في الفتح:

قَوْلُهُ فِيمَا لَمْ يُؤْمَرْ فِيهِ بِشَيْءٍ أَيْ فِيمَا لَمْ يُخَالِفْ شَرْعَهُ لِأَنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ فِي زَمَانِهِ كَانُوا مُتَمَسِّكِينَ بِبَقَايَا مِنْ شَرَائِعِ الرُّسُلِ فَكَانَتْ مُوَافَقَتُهُمْ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ مُوَافَقَةِ عُبَّادِ الْأَوْثَانِ (فتح الباري تحت حديث ٣٥٥٨)

 

[4] Al-Bidāyah wa 'l-Nihāyah, v. 1 p. 15, Dār Ibn Rajab

[5] Muslim, 261, The Book of Purification

[6] Ibid., 260

[7] Bukhārī, 5892, The Book of Dress

 

Question:

  1. 1.If the imam is beardless, will the musalli be sinful if they remain quiet? What should they be doing?
  2. 2.How the whole khilal process of the beard is tone during wudū?
  3. 3.How many times should the khilal be done according to the Sunnah?
  4. 4.Is it makrooh tanzeehi or tahreemi or haraam to pluck the white or grey hair from the beard or hair?
  5. 5.Is transplantation of the beard permissible?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykumwa-rahmatullāhiwa-barakātuh.

 

First of all, we wish to commend your zeal for acquiring Islamic knowledge. However, just like food needs to be eaten bit by bit, likewise it is better to only ask a few questions at a time, so that the information provided does not become overwhelming. The purpose of knowledge is to practice on it and just like you have the responsibility to practice on that knowledge, likewise we have the responsibility to keep matters easy for people.

Hereunder are the answers to your query in sequence.

 

  1. It is wâjib(compulsory) for a person to have a fist length beard. Therefore, it is impermissible to shave the beard or trim it less than the length of one’s fist. As such, it is not permissible to appoint such a person as an Imām. If one prays behind such an Imām, the Salâh will be Makrūh Tahrimi(reprihensible). The congregation should therefore request the management of the Masjid to change the imam. If they are not willing to do so, then you should perform salāh in another Masjid, where the Imām adheres to the Sharī’ah. If that is not plausible to do, then one should still pray in congregation as Nabî Karīm advised us to pray behind the Imām, whether he be pious or sinful. The sinful implications in this case will no longer rest with the congregation as they did whatever was plausible for them to do to address the situation.
  2. Khilāl is the simple procedure of utilizing the fingers of your right hand as a comb which you pass through your beard. You take a handful of water inside the palm of your right hand and apply it under the jawbone area as you pass your hand through the beard.
  3. Khilāl is only to be done once.
  4. It is not permissible to pluck one’s grey hair from the beard or head.[1]
  5. It is not permissible to undergo hair transplantation for the beard. This is irrespective whether the donor hair is your own or someone else's.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Khalil Johnson

Student Darul Iftaa
Canada

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



   [1] حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح, أحمد بن محمد بن إسماعيل الطحطاوي الحنفي - توفي 1231 هـ, أحمد بن محمد بن إسماعيل الطحطاوي الحنفي - توفي 1231 ه, محمد عبد العزيز الخالدي, دار الكتب العلمية بيروت - لبنان, الطبعة الأولى 1418هـ - 1997م, , , 1 [526 1] وفي الخلاصة عن المنتقى كان أبو حنيفة لا يكره نتف الشيب إلا على وجه التزين اهـ وينبغي حمله على القليل أما الكثير فيكره لخبر أبي داود لا تنتفوا الشيب فإنه نور المسلم يوم القيامة

سنن أبي داود, أبو داود سليمان بن الأشعث بن إسحاق بن بشير بن شداد بن عمرو الأزدي السَِّجِسْتاني, 275هـ, محمد محيي الدين عبد الحميد, المكتبة العصرية، صيدا - بيروت, الطبعة الأولى 1418هـ - 1997م, , , 4 [85 4] لا تنتفوا الشيب، ما من مسلم يشيب شيبة في الإسلام - قال عن سفيان: «إلا كانت له نورا يوم القيامة» ، وقال في حديث يحيى - إلا كتب الله له بها حسنة، وحط عنه بها خطيئة

Question:

I am married with 2 children. I love my wife and children. I am starting to see that my wife is acting unloving towards me. She is not putting any effort in trying to comfort me or enjoy time as husband and wife. She looks very bored with me and I believe she doesn't appreciate all the hard work I do to make her comfortable. I follow the sunnah and treat her the best as I can. I talked and talked with her about about being close to me and giving me hugs from time to time and really you know being a supportive wife. But i am getting fed-up. I want to marry another woman who can appreciate me and give me what I need physically and emotionally. Just some hugs and support , some loving words. And some I can see that she is making effort.

My questions are : What should I do? If I marry another wife , how can I be fair to both of them since I would probably love the next one more if she is more supportive. How can I treat them fairly?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You have taken the right step by speaking with your wife about the physical comfort and emotional support you believe is lacking from her side. However, you should take another look at why your wife is not responding to your needs instead of believing that the solution lies in marrying a second wife.

 

It might as well be that something has happened in her life that has made her seem unresponsive to your needs. So first of all, sit down and ask her: “How are things going in your life?” “Are you feeling tired or sick?” “Are the children bothering you a lot these days” “Do you have something on your mind?”

 

By beginning with her, and not yourself, you will get a chance to see why was there a change in her attitude towards you. Perhaps she won't tell you right away, but continue to speaking to her gently about her life. There is definitely something on her mind because the requests you are making for hugs and loving words is part of a healthy and loving relationship between husband and wife. It is inconceivable that she has just decided to stop without any reason.

 

You should also take time out to make dua to Allah to increase love between you and your wife. Seek the times when supplications are answered like the time between adhan and iqamah. Make dua frequently.

 

Be generous towards her and buy her gifts that you believe she will enjoy. The giving of gifts increases mutual love.

 

Don't look for another wife. If you marry another wife, do you have any guarantees that after sometime she will not act the same way? Secondly, doing so will only increase the distance between yourself and your current wife. What kind of impact will that have on the children? Try to solve this issue by getting to the bottom of her lack of response towards you. Find the reason and seek the help of Allah in solving it.

 

Insha-Allah, by following the above steps, we make dua that Allah increase the love between you and your wife, and enable you to receive emotional and physical comfort in your wife.

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Sohail ibn Arif,
Student Darul Iftaa
Chicago, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

KHARWASTAN

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